What Is Snail FarmingSnail farming, also known as heliciculture, is a very profitable way to make money in Nigeria and anywhere in the world. Snail farming is the grooming, rearing or breeding of edible gastropods like snails either for consumption or for commercial purposes. The most popular edible snails in Nigeria and Africa are the achatina fulica and the achatina achatina and they are a good source to make money from. Snails are nocturnal animals meaning they carry out all their activities at night. From eating, playing and mating. They are also hermaphrodites meaning they contain male and female reproductive organs and they do not need to mate to lay eggs. Snails are not like other animals and they still undergo hibernation during the dry season. During the dry season, snails fall into a deep sleep and become less active to help them conserve water in their bodies. This hibernation occurs for about 6- 7 months and during this period a transparent film is seen, formed around their lips. The film breaks up during the rainy season and a new cycle begins for them. Read also HOW TO START A PROFITABLE BARBER SHOP
Categories of SnailsThere are four categories of snails
Baby SnailsThese are the snails that were just formed from eggs. These are still very little and they are usually very plentiful.
ShootersWhen baby snails are kept in a snail pen, some grow bigger and faster than the others, they are taken away from the pen for baby snails and are kept in a different pen, they are called shooters. The ones that take time to grow are still left in the pen for baby snails
Breeding StockIn snail farming, shooters that are about 4-6 months old are said to be in their breeding stock. These are the ones that mate and lay eggs although snails are hermaphrodites, even without mating with another snail, they can lay eggs on their own. These snails are very mature and you can notice them by the size of their lips.
Point Of LayIn snail farming, points of lay are snails that are about 8-10 months and are about to lay eggs. If you are starting a snail farm, it is advisable to buy points of lay snails to be able to grow your farm in such a short while. Read also 17 BEST AFFILIATE PROGRAMS TO JOIN IN NIGERIA
Why Snail Farming In NigeriaWhile some would like to venture into snail farming, others into other types of farming, there are so many reasons out there to choose snail farming Here are reasons to choose snail farming in Nigeria 1- Snail farming is lucrative 2- Snail farming doesn't require so much care and attention 3- Snail farming is very easy to start 4-They don't take up your time 5-They reproduce plentifully 6- High demand for snails
How To Start Snail Farming At Home In NigeriaAs lucrative as snail farming is, a lot of people would want to start a snail farm at home but do not know how to go about it. For a snail farm sited at home, all the steps below have to be checked to make the most out of the snail farm sited at home. Here are the steps required to start a snail farm at home
1- Making Up Your Mind On Starting A Snail FarmAny business at all would mean the parties involved would make up their minds that they are about to go into a business, a business that would bring in so much money for them and they would see to it that they keep up with the necessary things they need to do like checking up on the snails to avoid insect bites, feeding them when it's time(although snails do not require that much care like other animals) and doing every other thing wholeheartedly to get a good profit from it when the time comes for harvesting. Also, you need to learn about the basics for setting up a snail farm at home and this is also part of the positive mindset required.
2- Setting Up Your Snail PenSnail pens are structures created to house snails of different sizes, they are usually built with intentionality and different factors in mind. Factors to keep in mind while building a snail pen
- Snail pens are shelters and should protect the snails from insect bites, rainfall, direct sunlight e.t.c
- Little drainage for water below the snail pens
- Build the snail pen above ground level.